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 Upgrade linux mint in-place using apt

Upgrade an existing Mint using apt

About this tutorial

This tutorial provides the necessary information to upgrade mint to the latest version without reinstalling/restoring. For a potentially trouble-free upgrade method see:

The various caveats in the above tutorial apply, and this may break your system, but if you come from the land of rolling releases (gentoo, arch, etc) then it is reasonable to expect upgrading mint in-place to be relatively painless.

This tutorial is for upgrading to Linux Mint 9 (Isadora), and is based on upgrading from Linux Mint 8. The procedure should apply to other transitions, but if you are upgrading to a version other than 9 you will need a different sources.list. You will probably find replacing "isadora" with the new mint moniker and "lucid" with the new ubuntu moniker in the sources.list file will successfully point apt at future repositories.

I will try to update this document for new releases of mint, and with any problems. Please let me know if any configuration files are shipped with the live cd that are not pulled in by apt, and I will link to them here, so that those who want to can reconstitute a complete install. This is not Windows, we should not need to perform fresh reinstalls to keep up-to-date and consistent!


  1. Open a terminal and run 'sudo bash' to get a root terminal
  2. Using a text editor (as root), replace the contents of /etc/apt/sources.list with the following sources list: (extracted from Linux Mint 9)
  3. Run 'apt-get update'
  4. Run 'apt-get dist-upgrade'
  5. Follow the instructions issued, don't worry about overwriting configuration files dpkg will keep a copy in the same directory with the string ".dpkg-old" appended to the filename
  6. Run 'apt-get upgrade'
  7. Reboot


By changing the contents of sources.list we have instructed mint to use the latest linux mint repositories. Since the mint distribution is (at least should be) the sum of its packages then perfoming an upgrade against the new repositories should pull in all the new features and applications. Notwithstanding major changes in how mint is structured the meta packages (packages of packages) should take care of applications added. Configuration ought to be imported this way too, but I cannot vouch for that.

Known Issues

  • No colour/Linux Mint customisations in terminals  You may have overwritten /etc/bash.bashrc with a vanilla configuration. Simply copy /etc/bash.bashrc.dpkg-old to /etc/bash.bashrc as root, and reload the terminal. Failing that, here's the Linux Mint 8 version of /etc/bash.bashrc:

Tags: isadora mint 9 package upgrade existing installation apt
Created: 4 years ago.
Last edited: 4 years ago.
Read 50495 times.

1 month ago

Folks, don’t expect too much: that’s like in Ubuntu, it works superficially, but under the hoods, there will be trouble ahead. The way the software base is deployed cannot be compared with Gentoo or Arch at all!  
8 months ago

WEll I personally used thei method to upgrade from mint 16 cinnamon to mint 17 cinnaomon. And I must say Cinnamon 2.2 is amazing. I had ne issues at all. It did that over 5 hours for everything to install though.

However I helped a guy update from 13 Maya to 17 using this method. And against the odds it worked.

The only issue was he had to manualy reinstall the mint-meta-cinnamon package from in mint recovery using rootshell. After that though it work perfectly.
9 months ago

LC_LOCALE may give you errors. It may work now, but not in the new release, causing a semi-variant of the Mint release.  
9 months ago

@kg7fu - Oops, forgot to say that this is with an AMD APU machine.

@0rdmint - If you look, you'll see complaints about this have been happening for those four years :) The last few times I've done it, it has worked, or nearly so. The move to MATE 1.6 a version or two ago left some old MATE packages that were unhelpful, for example.

The most annoying thing about the current upgrade comes from the move to using multiple files in sources.list.d rather than using a single sources.list file for all the repositories, so more files need to be edited (and also renamed).
9 months ago

@kg7fu That's interesting - the Petra 16 installation here just (today) started failing to finish booting, probably because of a graphics issue. So I saw Qiata 17 had been released and tried upgrading to it... it looked to go ok, but same issue. A new install needed


adding to the boot options, and then, on first boot, took about five minutes to get X started (I had the 'it's failed to start five times, I'm going to try again in two minutes' message twice).

Since then, it's been no problem.
9 months ago

I'm amazed that in 2014, we are directed to this 4 year old page that has not been updated since 2010 to help us do a package upgrade to the latest version of Linux Mint (Qiana).

And I'm even more amazed that the instructions do not work and I had to go to this other page
to get instructions that actually work.

Admittedly, after running "apt-get dist-upgrade" I received an error message that certain packages could not be updated, but all I had to do was to rerun "apt-get update" and the subsequent commands ran without a hitch.

Seriously, would it be so difficult for the developers to update the instructions to somehting that works or at least provide a link to the web page I found, and included, above?
9 months ago

After repeated using "apt-get -f install" worked fine.  
9 months ago

to upgrade sources to 17 from 16 is easy. Wherever the source list says "saucy", change it to "trusty", and wherever it says "petra", change it to "qiana".  
9 months ago

I don't suppose you could supply the sources.list for the 16 petra to 17 upgrade could you?  
9 months ago

I hoped I could upgrade more earier in Linux Mint (from 16 to 17), I mean I know what I'm doing....  
10 months ago

Doesn't work 16 petra to 17 qiana and there are some changes that break the system using either live disk or apt. My Intel Pentium Acer laptop upgraded easily and restored backup with no issues but my AMD desktop that's only a year older failed all attempts so far, even locking up with wrecked video. This may take some research, so for now my count is Qiana 1 + Petra 1  
1 year ago

I upgraded from mint15 cinnamon to mint16 cinnamon on 02/01/2014 by replacing in this link 'isadora' to 'petra' and every 'lucid' to 'saucy'(from mint 9 to mint16). (for mint15 to mint16 you have to replace “raring” with “saucy” and “olivia” with “petra” ).Then follow every step given in the above tutorial.
The up-gradation took me more than 2 hours(my download speed was 500kbps on average). But after reboot I see in the booting menu(as I have windows7 also) 'Ubuntu' instead of cinnamon16.

But the main problem I was facing is with the the touchpad click. It was otherwise overall working well. But actually it is not a bug. If you have similar problem then see this post
1 year ago

You should delete the Mint 15 desklets before upgrading to 16.

I upgraded using penC's command. After restarting, cinnamon didn't work well and I was left with a limited desktop, with the two classic gnome menus (Applications and Places), no desktop icons and no panels. A dialog asks you whether to restart cinnamon, but answering 'Yes' just makes the dialog appear again.

I could solve it by trying to restart cinnamon from a terminal (cinnamon --replace). The output showed me that an installed desklet caused an error. I deleted the desklet folder and now everything works well.
1 year ago

1 year ago

Still works like a charm, I just did an upgrade from Mint 15 to 16 (which is nice!).

In the list above, item 2 could also be (for Mint 15 -> 16):

sed -i.bak 's/olivia/petra/;s/raring/saucy/' /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*

This sed command changes olivia's to petra's and raring's to saucy's in the master source list as well as those PPA's you might have added. The command saves the original files with extension ".bak", so if you mess something, first restore the original files.
1 year ago

Did a flawless upgrade with the repos netavarka posted

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
-changed /etc/apt/sources.list-
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get upgrade (once more)
(chose always "y" when asked)

Thank you :)
1 year ago

I want to share my upgrade in place from 13 (maya) to 15 (olivia). My install is totally default version that I originally installed from a live cd made with YUMI.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Change references in /etc/apt/sources.list. My file now has this:
deb olivia main import upstream
deb raring main restricted universe multiverse
deb raring-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb raring-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb raring partner
deb raring free non-free

Did according to this tutorial:

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Got a failure on one package libc6 which caused the process to stop. So I tried

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade -f
sudo apt-get upgrade -f

but both failed. So I ran the commands below according to an Ubuntu bug suggestion:

sudo rm -f /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*
sudo dpkg --configure -a

Then again I ran

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade -f

I took a brave path by accepting all package maintainers versions of changed configuration files. Meaning that I would chose "I" when prompted.

Note: maybe accepting maintainers "sudoers" file was a mistake.

This error appeared often:

Warning: No support for locale: en_US.utf8
There is a locale en_US.UTF-8 in the list of locales.

Next step:

sudo apt-get upgrade
The following packages have been kept back:
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 1 not upgraded.

According to another comment I tried for the mintdrivers.

sudo apt-get install mintdrivers

Then reboot and see what we get.

The reboot dialog had all wrong characters. just boxes where the letters should be. Uh Oh.


There was a blank screen. It tried to load GNOME as the desktop and failed. So I logged out and was prompted to login. I was able to choose MATE from the small button on the left side of the login window and everything seemed back.

There was an x in the package tool on the notice bar on the bottom right corner. "Could not refresh the list of packages"

There were some problems with dns.
root@mint64:~# ping
ping: unknown host

Found a solution here:

sudo dns-fix

Indeed this fixed the problem.

Now there are some issues with the default theme though. Some dialog text are highlighted incorrectly and colors are confused. For example, in the Network Icon in the notification bar.

Perhaps the theme problem will fix it.

I tried this:
apt-get remove --purge mint-themes
apt-get install mint-themes


apt-get autoremove

to take out some lefovers

Let's reboot again. This time all the text is correct. Yay!

Desktop was black when it came back, so I right clicked and found the proper image.

Looks like it is back.

Good job over all. Almost every bug was fixed with a few clicks or a short command. And the answers were surprisingly fast to find on google.

1 year ago

Thanks you for this tutorial,I had success with linuxmint10 from Failed/'Packages 404 Not Found'.  
1 year ago

Following on from my previous post... Used instructions to upgrade in place, all went fine, so I rebooted, got new login screen, logged in got error... "can't start session ubuntu", selected XFCE session from login menu and selected "make default" this cured the problem.
The only other problem I've found is that when I click a desktop icon for the first time I get an "Untrusted application launcher" message and have to click "Mark Executable" this also happens in standard upgrade though so I think it's a quirk of the new version. Let's hope by version 16 there can be a script or something to automate the upgrade. P.S. Thanks MINT team for continued good work. D.
1 year ago

Having just upgraded onto another partition using the standard method I found that the backup program ( with and without checksum ) hung on a file called something like kaffeine DVBpipe.m2t .. Not a big problem I just used rsync to backup my home partition as it mainly has symlinks to another partition I use like a /home . The backup of installed programs worked fine and reinstalled most of them without issue so I now have a working mint15 XFCE with less messing about than a straight install and then adding what I need. Thankyou mint. As I also use debian testing and Ubuntu Studio I'm going to try the "in place" update on my previous version 14XFCEmint install, having clonezilla'd the partition first.
I agree with other posters that it would be great to have the extra option of a press button upgrade like other distros, as this is one of the things keeps me distro hopping as I love the solidness of mint so keep coming back. Wish me luck!!!

1 year ago

I did think that if you needed to be told to use sudo, you shouldn't be doing it this way :)

OK, I have taken the plunge too and it worked for me with the MATE desktop. In fact, I have had probably the fewest problems I have ever had doing it this way with Mint. 'Hooray' or 'at last', depending on taste :)

You're asked about several configuration files being updated. You need to edit /etc/issue, /etc/ and lsb-release to reflect the new version rather than accepting the new (Ubuntu) details or retaining the older Mint ones. I also kept a GRUB script on the basis that it knew about Mint whereas the proposed replacement didn't, but allowed the others to be replaced.

Yes, the MintDrivers program does not get installed, but

sudo apt-get install mintdrivers

fixes that.

Several bits of MATE 1.4 are left and appear to be unnecessary with 1.6.

What would be useful to have is a list of packages in a fresh install for the various versions of Mint, so you could see if there's something else missing / left when it could be removed. Hmm, time to download the DVD and have a look?
1 year ago

@lovingboth: yhea, sudo: I thought it is self-evidently. This is a kind of Ubuntu, isn't it? ;)

You're welcome! :)
1 year ago

I just wonder if any try to upgrade from 13 to 15 successfully.....  
1 year ago

I upgraded via the apt-get method and it went perfectly. Great work and great work on the upgrade procedure.  
1 year ago

Oops, I should have noted that you need to do the changes as root, so add


to the two sed lines below.

And thank you to the guinea pigs :)
1 year ago

Got it! And it works, but … I had a issue.
From the beginning: I used the guide I posted before, and it made no problems to change the repros. Then I started the upgrade-process and went to lunch. When I came back the Laptop locked the screen (it seems that I got this error:, and: I could not log in. No login box appeared, when I clicked the lock in the upper right corner. so I changed to tty2 and restarted the x-server. Now I could log in, but the Upgrade process stuck and I could not find it. So I killed it and started it again. apt-get found an error shen starting and stopped the upgrade process. I used aptitude to fix the error (simply reloaded and installed all new packages) and started the upgrade again. Now I payed attention that the screen won't lock during the upgrade process.
More work than needed, but it's fixed now. So pay attention, that the lock screen won't lock you off and it will work well. The Driver Manager is good, too!
Here is a way to disable unlock screen. But not yet tested.
Maybe it's the easiest to start in rl 2, you don't need the graphics for the upgrade.
Have phun!
1 year ago

This upgrade procedure doesn't work as descriped. You've got to replace the old repros as lovingboth wrote. Also here:

@lovingboth: be patient, I will try this evening!
1 year ago

can or will this already work for the newest linux mint 15 and keep my network shares and web server apache configuration safe?  
1 year ago


I just upgraded using this method. It worked but I don't have the new driver manager nor some other features. All the settings have been kept. The kernel was not updated(had to use synaptic).
1 year ago

This time, for 14 Nadia to 15 Olivia the commands to update the sources will be

cd /etc/apt
sed -i 's/nadia/olivia/g' sources.list
sed -i 's/quantal/raring/g' sources.list

.. but I would like to let someone else go first and report back how it goes before I do it :)
2 years ago

I'd really like to see a good apt upgrade route added. The fresh install route may be recommended, but it fails to point out its own biggest weaknesses - that not all settings (like users accounts) are restored and that your software is not reinstated fully either if it is not available from the standard repositories, because alternative repositories are not re-instated either... Also, the software 're-installation' it does do is all downloaded from the net in any event. We should just backup the whole system using Clonezilla or similar and then be allowed to upgrade like Ubuntu if we want. If the upgrade fails then reinstate to previous system state from the Clonezilla back up.  
2 years ago

Quite old.  
2 years ago

These instructions are more than two years old. Let's put information to do and APT upgrade to Linux Mint 14. Even better is to provide a script to do this without all the confusion.  
2 years ago

I now get this after updating can some one help with this

Failed to fetch 404 Not Found
Failed to fetch 404 Not Found
Failed to fetch 404 Not Found
Some index files failed to download. They have been ignored, or old ones used instead.

2 years ago

The hosts file was blank after the in-place upgrade, so I entered thw hosts information and this fixed the USB mounting issue. I edited the resolv.conf file so that it matched the one from the live CD and this fixed the internet connectivity. :)
As an opinion, backing up and doing a clean install is great in theory, but it is not practical for most people. The 500gb+ capacity of today's hard drives has far outsripped the means of backing up all that data, considering the slow speed of USB transfer and the small capacity of optical disks. The last time I backed up my hard drive, it required the better part of a week. I am not willing to do this every six months, nor are most people. Therefore I think it is extremely important to make the in-place upgrade process as easy and bulletproof as possible. On step in this direction might be to automate the addition of the new repositories since this can be a little scary for the unknowledgeable and inexperienced.
2 years ago

I did an in place upgrade from Maya to Nadia, and everything appeared to go flawlessly, but appearances were deceiving - so far I have encountered two problems. The first is that a usb flash drive doesn't mount. I think I need to address this one first (the second issue is I can't connect to the internet). Does anyone know how to get usb drives to automount like they did before the upgrade?  
2 years ago

deb nadia main upstream import
deb quantal main restricted universe multiverse
deb quantal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb quantal-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb quantal partner
deb quantal free non-free

# deb quantal-getdeb apps
# deb quantal-getdeb games

^ offical linux mint 14 servers for etc/apt/sources.list just replace whats in there with gedit apt dist-upgrade and your good
2 years ago

I followed exactly your instructions using 'nadia' and 'precise' when editing the sources.list file.
Everything seemed to go well, apt-get update, apt-get dist-upgrade, as well as apt-get upgrade executed without error messages.
After reboot however, the desktop environment does not start showing a black screen only.
May somebody help?
2 years ago

Answering to my own question:

To update Linux Mint 13 to 14 follow the steps as shown above. In step 2

"2. Using a text editor (as root), replace the contents of /etc/apt/sources.list with the following sources list: (extracted from Linux Mint 9)"

replace the word "maya" with "nadia" and the word "precise" with "quantal" in the .list file. Nadia and Quantal are the names of the new Linux mint and Ubuntu version respectively.
2 years ago

I'd like to add my vote for the easy-upgrade option. Following the text here and in the related forum thread, I was able to do an in-place upgrade from 12 to 13. I hit the same snags as others reported, and fortunately the posted solutions worked for me. However, the final step package-by-package upgrade took about 2 days with several failures that required manual (but easy) intervention.

This is on my development workstation with two fast processors and 16 GB of memory. I have two different (large) database systems installed, and did not want to go through the agony of reinstalling them. So in-place upgrade was my only real option.

I also have an Ubuntu server. I used their one-button upgrade a couple months ago, and the whole thing was done in under an hour. I encountered no issues. I switched to Mint on my workstation because I didn't want to be forced to use Unity.

So, please reconsider a one-button upgrade option. You can display a pop-up disclaimer that such a path is not recommended. Thanks.
2 years ago

I had success with this method going from 12 -> 13, though with just a few dramas.

Used these sources:

Lots of this kind of behaviour:
# dpkg --clear-avail
# dpkg --configure -a
# apt-get -f dist-upgrade

Manually upgraded 2 broken libc packages (used synaptic).

A little bit of this:

...then finally updated all of these by hand:
3 years ago

Upgrading from one release to the next release of Mint is something that is bound to happen to most of us from time to time as mint evolves. Unfortunately this is by far the weakest part of Mint if you want to upgrade mint in-place using apt. If you wish for a new fresh install then that is great, but if you want to to follow the 'Apt' route then you're simply out of luck.

The article 'Upgrading Linux mint in-place using apt' appears to be insufficient and out of date. I have followed this article to upgrade from mint 10, and nothing happened!!. It simply doesn't work.

Mint developers need to realise that not all of us are 'enthusiasts', but just prefer it to Windows. Therefore we want an easy upgrade path that doesn't involve backing up and starting from scratch. I'm simply not going to do this, therefore the 'back up and apt' route seems to make sense to me. Therefore I'd like to vote for a lot more effort being put into the area of easy upgrading without the need to go back to a clean install.

Your thoughts?
3 years ago

As per one of the options on the Mint12 iso was to upgrade my Ubuntu 10.04. I filled in Name, my same password etc. However upon rebooting, the password is returning incorrect!?? Files etc transferred but unable to access the system. I was also running Wubi on the XP as a back up linux system but the boot has ceased to function in XP now. Clearly GOOD advice in your other tutorial....Should you wish to upgrade...go for a FRESH install. These are great tutorials. I have been a Linux user since 2007. Still learning,so thanks a lot.  
3 years ago

To update sources.list from Linux Mint 11 to 12, do the following:

# cd /etc/apt
# sed -i 's/katya/lisa/g' sources.list
# sed -i 's/natty/oneiric/g' sources.list

This updates any third party sources you may have as well. Keep in mind, this only works on sources that are currently available.
3 years ago

I'm updating my Linux Mint that way, because Linux Mint 11 never worked correctly on my laptop, and now it didn't even burn .iso files correctly. :( 12 works, anyway. ^^  
3 years ago

For Lisa try:
deb lisa main upstream import backport
deb oneiric main restricted universe multiverse
deb oneiric-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb oneiric-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb oneiric partner
deb oneiric free non-free
3 years ago

HP Pavilion DV8000.
In software sources changed all instances of julia to katya and maverick to natty.
Entered commands, and after a long while I obtained a hopelessly broken system unable to boot, had to restore from Clonezilla image.
Moving to Debian edition, I hate the loss of time of upgrades.
3 years ago

The ref above to "sources list: (extracted from Linux Mint 9)"

I note that one is...
deb isadora main upstream import

... "isadora" does NOT sound correct.

If andrewswebb is correct, the package list should be:

deb katya main upstream import
deb katya-kde main upstream import
deb natty main restricted universe multiverse
deb natty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb natty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb natty partner
deb natty free non-free
3 years ago

For Upgrade from Mint 10 to Mint 11 change all instances of "julia" to "katya", and "maverick" to "natty"  
3 years ago

To upgrade via apt, don't additionally to adjusting sources.list all those *.list files in /etc/apt/sources.list.d have to be modified accordingly, before starting the upgrade process?  
4 years ago

It's really too bad we haven't found a safe, reliable, error-free way of upgrading in-place by now. That would make this distro absolutely perfect!  
4 years ago

Thanks for the help SilasDavis and CokeDude, I have now successfully upgraded to Mint 10.
A couple of small niggles though:
1 - I use XFCE desktop, and this was removed during the upgrade. I couldn't get into Mint at all, so I had to go into a recovery mode shell and re-install XFCE.
2 - some of the packages that I'd installed before (i.e. skype, googleearth and a couple of others) were missing from the new system.

All in all though, not so much to rectify as installing from scratch!
Thanks again!
4 years ago

I'm pretty sure this is a correct sources.list for Linux Mint Julia.

This explains all of the information.

Here is the code.
4 years ago

When you have some time could you please update your sources.list for Linux Mint Julia?  
4 years ago

As today, GRUB linuxmint theme package 1.3.0 was broken preventing upgade going smoothly. Recovered with dpkg and was then able to startup to Mint 10.  
4 years ago

It's not working. It seems that Aptituse doesn't find the sources of Julia. Maybe I did something wrong ? Has the sources list a different link?

Thanks !
4 years ago

You may wish to use 'aptitude full-upgrade' instead of 'apt-get dist-upgrade'. I'd recommend reading the differences and deciding for yourself.
4 years ago

I also would like the sources to be updated for Linux Mint 10  
4 years ago

Hey there,

what about an update regarding mint10? I'm too lazy to reinstall my whole Ruby/Rails environment so 'd appreciate if you'd post a new sources.lst I'd be happy.

If it fails, well than I will have to do it my self but at least I have to try ;-)

4 years ago

I've just upgraded my main machine via apt, everything seems to be in order.  
4 years ago

I just tried this on my sandbox, and it appears to have worked nicely so far. This's an old P-IV Compaq Evo installed from linuxmint-9-fluxbox-rc-i386 LiveCD.

I love this distro. Works great on a couple of boxes I'm building. Thanks all.
4 years ago

To do it all with one command: cat /etc/apt/sources.list|sed 's/helena/isadora/'|sed 's/karmic/lucid/'|sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade && sudo apt-get upgrade && sudo reboot  
4 years ago

There's a good chance you break up your system and having the same issues many Ubuntu users have. Take a look on topics (there are many) concerning upgrades or updates in any Ubuntu forum.
There are less problems using Mint the way it is.
Following this tutorial you turn a stable system into an experimental one. This procedure is not recommended.
4 years ago

Thank you for the tutorial. I have a minor point.

I'm not sure what you mean by 'reloading the terminal', but the minor point about bashrc: once /etc/bash.bashrc.dpkg-old is copied to /etc/bash.bashrc, you can use whatever is now in /etc/bash.bashrc by 'sourcing' /etc/bash.bashrc.

You source the file by doing in terminal
' source /etc/bash.bashrc ' (no quotes)
or by doing in terminal
' . /etc/bash.bashrc ' (likewise, no quotes).
4 years ago

Thank you for the tutorial. I was curious if Mint 9 would have an upgrade tool this time, but it's been a while since Isadora was released and still nothing. If there won't be an upgrade tool in the following 2 weeks I might upgrade to Isadora this way. :) Believe it or not, I survived 3 Mint upgrades - from Elyssa to Felicia, from Felicia to Gloria and then to Helena. :)  
4 years ago

Note to anyone contemplating using this method - unless you know what you are doing, you could end up with a broken system and have to do a fresh install anyway. Upgrading in place will leave all your configuration files and settings in place which may cause many things not to work properly if at all in the upgraded system. Whilst you may think it better to do it this way rather than a fresh install, you could be letting yourself in for a lot of grief and additional work to rectify things. Clem's backup and restore approach is the least painful way to upgrade.  
4 years ago

Thank you for the tutorial!  
4 years ago

Thanks for this tutorial, a few comments:

- Copy the content of the files in the article instead of linking to an external pastebin.
- You can use the available apt shortcuts ("apt update", "apt dist-upgrade"..etc) as they're made to simplify things, especially in the context of a tutorial.
- Don't launch a shell as root, just become root using "su -".

I'd expect the known issues section to grow over time... especially when it comes to conflicting packages and dependencies.

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