How to install R-base 4.0.1 successfully

  1 year ago

Hey all, 

it took over 5 hours for me to find out, how to install the latest version of R AND be able to install all packages.

Here is how I have done it:


First you have to add the key and repository for the latest version. This is done with the following terminal commands:

This adds the gpg key:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9


This adds a new repository for R as well as for all packages you will install later on:

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb bionic-cran40/'


To be sure all of it is found you need to run

sudo apt-get update


Now you can install r-base. But make sure to also install r-base-dev because otherwise it won't install all of the packages you are probably going to install later on:

sudo apt-get install r-base r-base-dev


As with most installations you will probably have to confirm the installation.

When it is done you can type in

R --version

Which should result in an output like this:

R version 4.0.1 (2020-06-06) -- "See Things Now"
Copyright (C) 2020 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)

R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You are welcome to redistribute it under the terms of the
GNU General Public License versions 2 or 3.
For more information about these matters see


You might think this was all.

But NO.

You will probably need to manually install the following software too, as it is needed for some R packages:

sudo apt-get install gfortran
sudo apt-get install xorg-dev
sudo apt-get install libx11-dev
sudo apt-get install mesa-common-dev
apt-get install libglu1-mesa-dev

Only after all of these installations was I able to install all packages I needed so far. I installed way more packages but they did not help so I hope the ones listed above are really enough. If not please comment if you found other software needed for a smooth R run! 

Have fun!

CaroZ 7 months ago

I could really use your help :)
I am running Linux 19.1, and I am not managing to install R 4.0 at all.
I have followed instructions from here
and many other places, and I even asked my question here

I also followed your instructions, but nothing does it. In the end, I end up reinstalling the older version of R.
I manually changed
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb bionic-cran35/'
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb bionic-cran40/'

but nothing does it.

I don't know what to do anymore !

Thanks !